Boone County Arboretum
9190 Camp Ernst Road
Union, Kentucky 41091
Phone: (859) 384-4999
Fax: (859) 384-6888
arboretum@boonecountyky.org

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Cultural Details for Carpinus betulus 'Fastigiata'

Common Name:
Columnar European Hornbeam, Musclewood, Ironwood

Growth Rate:
Moderate growth rate

Average Mature Height:
30-50'

Average Mature Width:
20-30'

Flower Details:
Monoecious: Male catkins are yellow, female catkins are green, both are small and not ornamentally important

Fruit Details:
Small nutlets appear in drooping 5" long clusters maturing September through October

Fall Color:
Yellow-orange

Bark Details:
The smooth gray bark has muscle-like fluting

Disease / Insect Problems or Resistance:
None serious.

Native Habitat:
Introduced in 1883

Other Features:
Develops a dense, formal, pyramidal outline becoming slightly more oval when mature. Excellent for screen in winter because of the dense, compact, close-knit nature of the ascending branches.

Culture and Care:
Transplant in spring; tolerant of wide range of soil conditions, but prefers moist, well-drained situations; performs best in full sun but will tolerate light to moderate shade; pruning is seldom required but withstands heavy pruning.

This plant was blooming:
4/5/2010 - 4/14/2010

Plantings of this cultivar at Boone County Arboretum:
2940, 2950, 3000

    The information on this page may have come from one or more of the following sources:
  • Dirr, Michael. Manual of Woody Landscape Plants. Stipes Publishing. 1998.
  • Hightshoe, Gary L. Native Trees, Shrubs, and Vines for Urban and Rural America. John Wiley & Sons. 1988.
  • North Carolina Extension Plant Fact Sheets. www.ces.ncsu.edu
  • University of Connecticut Plant Database. www.hort.uconn.edu