Boone County Arboretum
9190 Camp Ernst Road
Union, Kentucky 41091
Phone: (859) 384-4999
Fax: (859) 384-6888
arboretum@boonecountyky.org

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Cultural Details for Firmiana simplex

Common Name:
Chinese Parasol Tree

Growth Rate:
Round or oval tree

Average Mature Height:
30-45'

Average Mature Width:
15-30'

Flower Details:
The yellowish green flowers occur in 10 to 20" long, upright, loose, terminal panicles in June-July.

Fruit Details:
Soon after flowering, pod splits open into four sections 3-4" long. Pea-sized (0.25" round) seeds hang to the inside edges of the pod. Ripen in late summer, persist into the fall. In warm climates, viable seeds could sprout in surrounding areas.

Fall Color:
Sometimes develops yellowish fall color.

Bark Details:
The stem and bark on young trees are smooth, gray-green and add winter interest. Bud large, round with numerous fuzzy red-brown scales.

Disease / Insect Problems or Resistance:

Native Habitat:
China, Japan. Introduced 1757.

Other Features:

Culture and Care:
Best in a full-sun, wind-protected location. Very adaptable to many soil characteristics, as long as it is fairly well drained. Can grow in part shade, but becomes more columnar reaching for sunlight. Drought tolerant once established. Zone (6)7 to 9.

This plant was blooming:

Plantings of this cultivar at Boone County Arboretum:
8770, 8771, 8772, 8773

    The information on this page may have come from one or more of the following sources:
  • Dirr, Michael. Manual of Woody Landscape Plants. Stipes Publishing. 1998.
  • Hightshoe, Gary L. Native Trees, Shrubs, and Vines for Urban and Rural America. John Wiley & Sons. 1988.
  • North Carolina Extension Plant Fact Sheets. www.ces.ncsu.edu
  • University of Connecticut Plant Database. www.hort.uconn.edu