Boone County Arboretum
9190 Camp Ernst Road
Union, Kentucky 41091
Phone: (859) 384-4999
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Cultural Details for Pinus strobus

Common Name:
Eastern White Pine

Growth Rate:
Fast, one of the fastest growing landscape pines; becoming 50-75' tall in 25-40 years

Average Mature Height:
50-80', but can grow to 150' or more

Average Mature Width:

Flower Details:
Monoecious, male clustered and yellow; female pink, late May thru mid-July

Fruit Details:
Cones subterminal, pendulous, 3-7" long by 1.5" broad, stalked, cylindrical, often curved, apex pointed, scales resinous and light tan brown; early August thru mid October; mature in autumn of second year

Fall Color:
Light to bluish green; however, greatly variable; needles generally fall the second year in late summer-early fall and the interior of the tree harbors yellow-brown needles

Bark Details:
Thin, smooth, grayish green when young, becoming darker with age; dark grayish brown on old trunks and deeply furrowed longitudinally into broad scaly, 1-2" thick ridges

Disease / Insect Problems or Resistance:
Two serious pests are the White Pine blister rust, a bark disease, which eventually kills the tree; and the White Pine weevil which kills the terminal shoots seriously deforming the tree to the extent they become bushy and have been called “Cabbage Pines"

Native Habitat:
Newfoundland to Manitoba, south to Georgia, Illinois and Iowa. Introduced about 1705.

Other Features:
A very handsome and ornamental specimen; makes a beautiful sheared hedge; one of the most beautiful native pines; often produces cones at an early age; largest of the Midwestern and northeastern conifers and a very valuable timber species

Culture and Care:
Easily transplanted; grows best in fertile, moist, well-drained soils, also found growing on rocky ridges and sphagnum bogs; light demanding, can tolerate some shade; extremely intolerant of air pollutants and salts; may develop chlorosis in high pH soil

This plant was blooming:

Plantings of this cultivar at Boone County Arboretum:
750, 760, 840, 850, 1730, 1740, 1750, 5790, 5800, 5940, 5970, 5980, 5990, 6140, 8656, 8657, 8659, 8660, 8661, 8663, 8664

    The information on this page may have come from one or more of the following sources:
  • Dirr, Michael. Manual of Woody Landscape Plants. Stipes Publishing. 1998.
  • Hightshoe, Gary L. Native Trees, Shrubs, and Vines for Urban and Rural America. John Wiley & Sons. 1988.
  • North Carolina Extension Plant Fact Sheets.
  • University of Connecticut Plant Database.