Boone County Arboretum
9190 Camp Ernst Road
Union, Kentucky 41091
Phone: (859) 384-4999
Fax: (859) 384-6888
arboretum@boonecountyky.org

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Cultural Details for Pinus nigra

Common Name:
Austrian Pine

Growth Rate:
Medium, 35-50' after 20-30 years

Average Mature Height:
50-60'

Average Mature Width:
20-40'

Flower Details:
Male flowers clustered and yellow; female flowers yellow-green

Fruit Details:
Solitary or in clusters, sub-sessile, ovoid, conical, 2-3" long, 1-1.25" wide before opening, tawny-yellow initially, becoming brown, scales about 1" long, transversely keeled near the apex which often ends in a more or less persistent prickle

Fall Color:
Lustrous dark green

Bark Details:
Dark brown furrows, usually with gray or gray-brown mottled, flattened ridges, quite attractive, one of the handsomest pines for bark

Disease / Insect Problems or Resistance:
Has exhibited severe dieback in Midwestern and eastern states; the dieback as been attributed to Diplodia tip blight; also pine nematodes which are transmitted by a beetle can plug up the vascular system and an entire plant may die in a single season

Native Habitat:
Native of Europe, from Austria to central Italy, Greece and Yugoslavia. Introduced 1759.

Other Features:
An adaptable species with very stiff needles making good specimen, screen or windbreak; can also be used for mass planting; develops its real character in old age when the branches become umbelliformly spreading and the bark colors develop fully

Culture and Care:
A very hardy tree that withstands city conditions better than other pines; very tolerant of soils, if moist; will stand some dryness and exposure; resists heat and drought; will succeed in fairly heavy clay and alkaline soils; tolerates seaside conditions

This plant was blooming:

Plantings of this cultivar at Boone County Arboretum:
3790, 5750, 5780, 6000, 6010, 6070, 6080, 6090, 6700, 6710, 6720, 6730, 6740, 6750, 6760, 6770, 6780, 6790, 6800, 6810, 6820, 6830, 6840, 6850, 6860, 6870, 6880, 6890

    The information on this page may have come from one or more of the following sources:
  • Dirr, Michael. Manual of Woody Landscape Plants. Stipes Publishing. 1998.
  • Hightshoe, Gary L. Native Trees, Shrubs, and Vines for Urban and Rural America. John Wiley & Sons. 1988.
  • North Carolina Extension Plant Fact Sheets. www.ces.ncsu.edu
  • University of Connecticut Plant Database. www.hort.uconn.edu