Boone County Arboretum
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Union, Kentucky 41091
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Cultural Details for Pinus mugo var. mugo

Common Name:
Mugo Pine, Swiss Mountain Pine

Growth Rate:

Average Mature Height:
This low-growing species usually less than 8' tall

Average Mature Width:
About twice its height

Flower Details:

Fruit Details:
Cones, subterminal, sessile or short-stalked, erect, horizontal, or slightly pendulous, solitary or 2-3 together, ovoid or conical-ovoid, 1-2" long by 0.5-1.5" broad, apex surrounded by a darker ring, at maturity grayish black

Fall Color:
Medium green to dark green, often yellowish green in winter especially on the tips of the needles

Bark Details:
Brownish gray, scaly, split in irregular plates but not scaling off on old trunks; a good identification feature on 0.5-3" diameter stems are the regular bumpy protuberances which result when the leaves abscise

Disease / Insect Problems or Resistance:
Subject to rusts, wood rots, borers, sawflies and especially scale (often very serious)

Native Habitat:
Mountains of central and southern Europe from Spain to the Balkans. Introduced 1779.

Other Features:
Are useful in landscape planting; especially for foundations, masses, groupings

Culture and Care:
Generally does not produce a tap root and is easy to transplant; prefers a deep, moist loam in sun or partial shade; can be pruned annually to thicken plant and keep dwarf habit; very calcareous soil tolerant

This plant was blooming:

Plantings of this cultivar at Boone County Arboretum:

    The information on this page may have come from one or more of the following sources:
  • Dirr, Michael. Manual of Woody Landscape Plants. Stipes Publishing. 1998.
  • Hightshoe, Gary L. Native Trees, Shrubs, and Vines for Urban and Rural America. John Wiley & Sons. 1988.
  • North Carolina Extension Plant Fact Sheets.
  • University of Connecticut Plant Database.