Boone County Arboretum
9190 Camp Ernst Road
Union, Kentucky 41091
Phone: (859) 384-4999
Fax: (859) 384-6888
arboretum@boonecountyky.org

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Cultural Details for Maclura pomifera 'Wichita'

Common Name:
Wichita Osage-orange, Hedge-apple, "Bois d'arc"

Growth Rate:
Fast: 9-12' over a 3-5 year period.

Average Mature Height:
20-40', occasionally to 60'

Average Mature Width:
20-40' usually as wide or wider as its height.

Flower Details:
Dioecioius, inconsipcuous in June. Female flowers in dense globose heads, male flowers in subglobose or sometimes elongated racemes.

Fruit Details:
Syncarp of drupes 4-6" in diameter, covered with a mamillate rind, yellow-green in color, becoming effective in September, usually falling after ripening.

Fall Color:
Vaires from yellow-green to a good yellow.

Bark Details:
Buff or orange-brown, glabroius, armed with straight, stout, axillary spines, 0.5" long. Wood is amazingly rot resistant.

Disease / Insect Problems or Resistance:
No serious diseases, although leaf spots have been reported.

Native Habitat:
Originally native to Arkansas to oklahoma and texas, but has grown far out if its native range.

Other Features:
Not worth recommending for the residential landscape, but has the potential for rugged, polluted areas. Frutis are messy, so select male cultivars.

Culture and Care:
Transplants readily, withstands wetness, dryness, wind, full sun, and extreme heat. Once established, it can even tolerate acid and high pH conditions.

This plant was blooming:

Plantings of this cultivar at Boone County Arboretum:

    The information on this page may have come from one or more of the following sources:
  • Dirr, Michael. Manual of Woody Landscape Plants. Stipes Publishing. 1998.
  • Hightshoe, Gary L. Native Trees, Shrubs, and Vines for Urban and Rural America. John Wiley & Sons. 1988.
  • North Carolina Extension Plant Fact Sheets. www.ces.ncsu.edu
  • University of Connecticut Plant Database. www.hort.uconn.edu