Boone County Arboretum
9190 Camp Ernst Road
Union, Kentucky 41091
Phone: (859) 384-4999
Fax: (859) 384-6888
arboretum@boonecountyky.org

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Dawn - Dusk
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Cultural Details for Carya cordiformis

Common Name:
Bitternut Hickory

Growth Rate:
Slow-medium; 12-24" per year.

Average Mature Height:
75-100'

Average Mature Width:
75-100'

Flower Details:
Male catkin in 3's at base of new growth, 3-4" long, pendulous; yellow-green. Female flowers are a short, 4-angled terminal spike.

Fruit Details:
round nut enclosed by a 4 winged husk. Late August-mid October

Fall Color:
golden yellow-brown.

Bark Details:
gray to brown and shallowly furrowed.

Disease / Insect Problems or Resistance:
infrequent problems; bark beetles in drought

Native Habitat:
Eastern United States.

Other Features:

Culture and Care:
Grows in moderately acid to alkaline soil, pH 5.6-8.0. Common on moderately fine silty or sandy clays. Tolerates poor drainage. Tolerates wet to dry soil.

This plant was blooming:

Plantings of this cultivar at Boone County Arboretum:
606, 1165, 8617, 8618

    The information on this page may have come from one or more of the following sources:
  • Dirr, Michael. Manual of Woody Landscape Plants. Stipes Publishing. 1998.
  • Hightshoe, Gary L. Native Trees, Shrubs, and Vines for Urban and Rural America. John Wiley & Sons. 1988.
  • North Carolina Extension Plant Fact Sheets. www.ces.ncsu.edu
  • University of Connecticut Plant Database. www.hort.uconn.edu